Examen 102

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Examen 102

Examen 102

This is a required exam for LPI certification Level 1. It covers basic skills for the Linux Professional that are common to major distributions of Linux.

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Topic 105: Shells, scripting and Data management

105.1 Customize and use the shell environment
Weight: 4
Description:
Candidates should be able to customize shell environments to meet users’ needs. Candidates should be able to modify global and user profiles.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Set environment variables (e.g. PATH) at login or when spawning a new shell.
• Write BASH functions for frequently used sequences of commands.
• Maintain skeleton directories for new user accounts.
• Set command search path with the proper directory.

105.2 Customize or write simple scripts
Weight: 4
Description:
Candidates should be able to customize existing scripts, or write simple new BASH scripts.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Use standard sh syntax (loops, tests).
• Use command substitution.
• Test return values for success or failure or other information provided by a command.
• Perform conditional mailing to the superuser.
• Correctly select the script interpreter through the shebang (#!) line.
• Manage the location, ownership, execution and suid-rights of scripts.

105.3 SQL Data management
Weight: 2
Description:
Candidates should be able to query databases and manipulate data using basic SQL commands. This objective includes performing queries involving joining of 2 tables and/or subselects.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Use of basic SQL commands.
• Perform basic data manipulation.

Topic 106: User Interfaces and Desktops

106.1 Install and configure X11
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to install and configure X11.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Verify that the video card and monitor are supported by an X server.
• Awareness of the X font server.
• Basic understanding and knowledge of the X Window configuration file.

106.2 Setup a display manager
Weight: 2
Description:
Candidates should be able setup and customize a display manager. This objective covers the display managers XDM (X Display Manger), GDM (Gnome Display Manager) and KDM (KDE Display Manager).
Key Knowledge Areas
• Turn the display manager on or off.
• Change the display manager greeting.
• Change default color depth for the display manager.
• Configure display managers for use by X-stations.

106.3 Accesability
Weight: 1
Description: Demonstrate knowledge and awareness of accessibility technologies.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Keyboard Accessibility Settings (AccessX?)
• Visual Settings and Themes
• Assistive Technology (ATs)

Topic 107: Administrative Tasks

107.1 Manage user and group accounts and related system files
Weight: 5
Description:
Candidates should be able to add, remove, suspend and change user accounts.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Add, modify and remove users and groups.
• Manage user/group info in password/group databases.
• Create and manage special purpose and limited accounts.

107.2 Automate system administration tasks by scheduling jobs
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to use cron or anacron to run jobs at regular intervals and to use at to run jobs at a specific time.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Manage cron and at jobs.
• Configure user access to cron and at services.

107.3 Localisation and internationalisation
Weight: 3
Description:
Candidates should be able to localize a system in a different language than English. As well, an understanding of why LANG=C is useful when scripting.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Locale settings.
• Timezone settings.

Topic 108: Essential System Service

108.1 Maintain system time
Weight: 3
Description:
Candidates should be able to properly maintain the system time and synchronize the clock via NTP.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Set the system date and time.
• Set the hardware clock to the correct time in UTC.
• Configure the correct timezone.
• Basic NTP configuration.
• Knowledge of using the pool.ntp.org service

108.2 System logging
Weight: 2
Description:
Candidates should be able to configure the syslog daemon. This objective also includes configuring the logging daemon to send log output to a central log server or accept log output as a central log server.
Key Knowledge Areas
• syslog configuration files
• syslog
• standard facilities, priorities and actions

108.3 Mail Tranfer Agent (MTA) basics
Weight: 3
Description:
Candidates should be aware of the commonly available MTA programs and be able to perform basic forward and alias configuration on a client host. Other configuration files are not covered.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Create e-mail aliases.
• Configure e-mail forwarding.
• Knowledge of commonly available MTA programs (postfix, sendmail, qmail, exim) (no configuration)

108.4 Manage printers and printing
Weight: 2
Description:
Candidates should be able to manage print queues and user print jobs using CUPS and the LPD compatibility interface.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Basic CUPS configuration (for local and remote printers).
• Manage user print queues.
• Troubleshoot general printing problems.
• Add and remove jobs from configured printer queues.

Topic 109: Networking Fundamentals

109.1 Fundamentals of internet protocols
Weight: 4
Description:
Candidates should demonstrate a proper understanding of TCP/IP network fundamentals.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Demonstrate an understanding network masks.
• Knowledge of the differences between private and public “dotted quad” IP-Addresses.
• Setting a default route.
• Knowledge about common TCP and UDP ports (20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 53, 80, 110, 119, 139,
  143, 161, 443, 465, 993, 995).
• Knowledge about the differences and major features of UDP, TCP and ICMP.
• Knowledge of the major differences between IPv4 and IPV6.

109.2 Basic network configuration
Weight: 4
Description:
Candidates should be able to view, change and verify configuration settings on client hosts.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Manually and automatically configure network interfaces
• Basic TCP/IP host configuration.

109.3 Basic network troubleshooting
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to troubleshoot networking issues on client hosts.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Manually and automatically configure network interfaces and routing tables to include
  adding, starting, stopping, restarting, deleting or reconfiguring network interfaces.
• Change, view, or configure the routing table and correct an improperly set default route
  manually.
• Debug problems associated with the network configuration.

109.4 Configure client side DNS
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to configure DNS on a client host.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Demonstrate the use of DNS on the local system.
• Modify the order in which name resolution is done.

Topic 110: Security

110.1 Perform security administrations tasks
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should know how to review system configuration to ensure host security in accordance with local security policies.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Audit a system to find files with the suid/sgid bit set.
• Set or change user passwords and password aging information.
• Being able to use nmap and netstat to discover open ports on a system.
• Set up limits on user logins, processes and memory usage.
• Basic sudo configuration and usage.

110.2 Setup host security
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should know how to set up a basic level of host security.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Awareness of shadow passwords and how they work.
• Turn off network services not in use.
• Understand the role of TCP wrappers.

110.3 Securing data with encryption
Weight: 3
Description: The candidate should be able to use puplic key techniques to secure data and communication.
Key Knowledge Areas
• Perform basic OpenSSH 2 client configuration and usage.
• Understand the role of OpenSSH? 2 server host keys
• Perform basic GnuPG configuration and usage.
• Understand SSH port tunnels (including X11 tunnels).

SKU: 117-102 Categorieën: , ,
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